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How Much and How Often Should I Feed My Betta Fish?

 When it comes to our betta fish, we all want to show them affection in whatever way we can. Food and sweets are one of the simplest methods we've found to do this. Overfeeding your betta fish or feeding the incorrect foods, on the other hand, might cause health concerns and water quality difficulties.

If you've ever wondered what to feed your betta fish or how often they should be fed, keep reading to learn all you need to know about feeding your betta fish!

Betta Fish

What Should You Feed a Betta Fish?

Feeding your betta fish the appropriate nutrients will keep it healthy, enhance its color, lengthen its life, and make it a happy fish in general. Bettas are carnivores, which means they devour tiny creatures like insects and snails as part of their natural diet. Fortunately, there are a plethora of items on the market to guarantee your betta receives a nutritious diet.

Feeding Options for Your Betta:

  • Pellets are the most cost-effective way to give your betta high-quality food. This sort of food is available in a wide range of sizes and tastes, and it is normally shelf-stable for up to 6 months after it has been opened. Pellets are strong in protein and may be used as the foundation of your betta's food with confidence.
  • Flakes: Possibly the most well-known food alternative, flakes are generally accessible but have a lower nutritional density than other forms of meals, such as live and frozen foods. Flakes are a fantastic way to add variety to your diet, but they should not be your major source of nutrition.
  • Live foods are the most difficult to feed on a regular basis since they need a reliable supply of live animals for feeding or producing your own live food. There are several kits available that enable you to cultivate young brine shrimp or daphnia, both of which are excellent live foods for bettas. Of all food kinds, live foods have the greatest nutritional density.
  • Freeze-dried meals begin as living foods, but all moisture is removed using an unique drying procedure. Because freeze-dried meals often preserve the form of the live animal, they are aesthetically enticing to your betta. They are more nutrient-dense than flakes and pellets, but the freeze-drying process removes some of the nutrients found in live and frozen foods.
  • Frozen meals are a great alternative to fresh dishes. These foods are often frozen while still living, retaining the majority of their nutritional worth. Because frozen meals are often pre-portioned in little cubes, it may be difficult to portion out enough for one betta fish.

What Is the Best Betta Fish Food?

Live foods are the most nutritionally sound food choice for bettas, however this isn't a feasible option for most people. Frozen meals are nutritionally inferior to fresh foods, but storage and portioning might be a problem. Because of the absence of moisture, freeze-dried meals may induce constipation, and some may have lost the nutritious profile of the live animal. Pellets are the most cost-effective alternative for nutrient-dense meals that won't break the budget for most individuals. Flakes are a tasty treat on occasion, but most flake meals lack the nutritional profile required for everyday feedings.

Bettas can't eat the following foods:

  • Omnivore Meals: While it may seem to be a good idea to offer your betta the same food you feed your other fish, most communal and omnivorous foods lack the protein levels required for bettas to thrive.
  • Bettas should not be fed herbivore foods such as algae wafers because they do not offer the protein required by bettas and have the potential to cause constipation and other health issues since bettas are not designed to digest these meals.
  • Fruits and vegetables: While many fish and invertebrates prefer fresh meals such as fruits and vegetables, bettas do not need them. Constipated bettas, on the other hand, may be given a mouthful of cooked, peeled pea to help start things rolling again.
  • Plant Roots: You've probably seen packages that include a vase and a plant sold as self-sustaining betta settings. Unfortunately, bettas cannot survive on plant roots and are unlikely to consume them. Your betta will perish from nutritional deficits or malnutrition if allowed to subsist on plant roots.

Feeding Chart for Betta Fish


Food Quantity and Types




1-2 times a day, 2-3 pieces of fresh, frozen, or freeze-dried food


2-3 betta pellets 1-2 times each day


2-3 betta pellets 1-2 times each day


1-2 times a day, 2-3 pieces of fresh, frozen, or freeze-dried food


2-3 betta pellets 1-2 times each day


2-3 betta pellets or a sprinkle of flakes 2–3 times per day



When Should You Feed Your Betta Fish?

Betta fish should be fed at least once a day since they do not graze like omnivore and herbivorous fish. You should feed your betta twice a day, but you may divide the food quantity into three daily feedings if you choose. Your betta need food to be healthy and energetic.

It is, nevertheless, essential to fast your betta every 1-2 weeks. Fasting allows the gastrointestinal system to catch up on any meal that has not been completely digested. This will help your betta avoid constipation. One day of fasting is sufficient, and unless necessary to address a medical issue, you should not fast your betta twice in a succession.

Overfeeding Betta Fish Is Dangerous

The most serious hazard of overfeeding your betta is constipation. Betta constipation may cause more than just stomach pain and bloating. It may also cause swim bladder malfunction and, by causing stress, may aggravate other underlying medical issues. Make sure you're giving your betta an adequate quantity of food every meal and fight the impulse to overfeed since it will give you puppy dog eyes.

The second major concern of overfeeding is that it might pollute the water. Food that your betta does not consume will decompose, producing ammonia to accumulate in the tank. It will also enable germs to proliferate, causing cloudiness in the water and perhaps lowering the pH.

Why Is My Betta Fish Not Eating?

If your betta fish is bloated or constipated, he or she may decide to miss one or more meals.

Medical diseases such as swim bladder disease and dropsy may also cause inappetence, so if your betta begins missing meals, keep an eye out for signs of an underlying issue.

The most frequent cause for a betta fish to cease eating is poor water quality. If you don't cycle your tank or make frequent water changes, your water quality will degrade. Overfeeding and leaving food to deteriorate in the tank are also bad ideas. Bettas are happiest and healthiest when they have access to clean, clear water.


Feeding your betta fish the appropriate food is simple, but it may need reading labels and keeping track of how much and how often you feed. Aim for a dietary foundation food that is high in protein and low in fillers such as soy and cornmeal.

Providing your betta with a variety of meals can enrich and stimulate your betta. Feed your betta live food on a regular basis if you are able. They'll have a great time putting their natural hunting skills to use!

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