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Dwarf Pinscher - The Independent Little Friend

Country of origin: Germany (18th century)

Height: 25-30 cm

Weight: 4-5 kg

Life span: 10-15 years

FCI classification: Group 2, Section 1, Pinscher and Schnauzer

Appearance of the Pinscher

Eyes: dark, slightly upturned

Ears: on top of the head, erect

Forelegs: straight and strong

Paws: concise, with vaulted toes

Coat: dense, short

History of the Dwarf Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher originated as a full-fledged breed in Germany. Their ancestors' main occupation was catching rats, which they were better at than fat cats. They were also used as guard dogs. Although they cannot boast of their size, Pinschers were distinguished by their extraordinary alertness and courage.

There are still records of the Pinschers' great-grandparents dating back to the 15th century. Their physical abilities and simplicity of character have contributed to the spread of this breed throughout Europe. Thus, as early as the 19th century, Pinschers of various types could be found in many Western European countries, but they were particularly popular in Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Switzerland and Germany.

The dwarf pinscher was first mentioned around the middle of the 19th century. Towards the end of this century, special breeding of these puppies began. In the 1980s, the first breed standard appeared, compiled by Richard Strebel.

The breed became particularly popular in the USA, where it was introduced in 1920. The small, fearless puppy with a very attractive appearance quickly won the hearts of dog lovers.In 1925, the first dwarf Pinscher fanciers' club was founded. At the same time, the breed acquired its present name.

Interesting fact about the breed. There are legends that the Dwarf Pinscher originated with the Doberman, but the facts are that Mr. Doberman (the inventor of the Doberman) just decided to breed a large dog after he became fascinated with the small Pinscher.

Character of the Dwarf Pinscher

The Dwarf Pinscher is a sweet and gentle puppy. It is important not to spoil the Pinscher, otherwise it may become a puppy that is impossible to get along with. They can also be very stubborn, so early deworming is essential. These puppies get on well with children. They understand that this puppy is not just a toy and requires personal space.

Dwarf Pinschers can be aggressive towards other dogs and will only be friends with those they have known from a young age. Although they usually get along with other household pets.

These puppies are naturally suspicious of everything, so they tend to bark a lot. If properly trained, Pinschers can accept visitors calmly, especially if they feel that their owner is not in danger.

They are loyal and cheerful, but willful and demanding.

Also, Dwarf Pinschers are quite intelligent and love to learn. After the puppy gets used to its master, it will try to please him, to learn what it is told.

Due to their size, Dwarf Pinschers make excellent companions, especially for single people.

Dwarf Pinschers remain small puppies all their lives. They are playful, cheerful and fun. They can turn any object in the house into a toy. Be careful, they can damage anything, which can be dangerous for the dog's health.

Caring for a Dwarf Pinscher

These are low-maintenance puppies. Brushing a few times a week and sometimes using a damp towel to remove any loose hairs is enough.

Pinschers usually need their tail and ears clipped. Recently, it has become common to see Dwarf Pinschers with untrimmed ears.

Dwarf Pinschers do not require a lot of food, but the food must be of good quality to keep your dog healthy.

Dwarf Pinschers need to be protected from the cold and should preferably be walked outside on a lead.

This puppy needs plenty of exercise as the breed is prone to obesity, which is one of the reasons why the Pinscher needs regular exercise.

Dwarf Pintail health, diseases

Dwarf Pinschers are a relatively healthy breed, but they are prone to the following diseases:

Diabetes mellitus

Stone disease


Progressive retinal degeneration

Corneal dystrophy



Dwarf Pinschers are also sometimes prone to epilepsy and deafness.

Reproduction in the Dwarf Pinscher

Dwarf Pinschers are not a very fertile breed. A litter usually contains 2 to 4 puppies. The puppies are very active from a very young age, but reach full maturity at the age of 2 years.


Dwarf Pinschers do not like to be left alone in the house without any exercise. They are intelligent dogs and need constant mental activity to prevent the development of destructive behaviour.

These dogs are very sensitive to high temperatures and especially to cold, due to their small size and short coat.

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