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German Shepherd Dog – loyal and easily trained

Country of origin: Germany (19th century)

Height: 55-66 cm

Weight: 30-43 kg

Life expectancy: 12-14 years

FCI Classification: Group 1, Section 1, Sheepdogs

German Shepherd Dog appearance

Coat: dense, abundant

Colour: black with red-brown, brown and grey patches, also available in black or grey only

Ears: erect, set in

Nose tip: black, large

Eyes: dark

Tail: covered with long fur

Hips: strong, muscular

Abdomen: retracted

Paws: small, rounded, with broad pads

History of the German Shepherd Dog

If the most common version is to be believed, the German Shepherd Dog began its history in the middle of the 13th century in south-western Germany. These lands have always been famous for their well-developed livestock breeding. Farmers bred the German Shepherd breed specifically to control their sheep and other livestock. This dog was not only to protect the crops, but also the sheep and other animals from wolves. Of course, in order to do this job, the German Shepherd had to have many important qualities - endurance, diligence, discipline and common sense.

The first German Shepherds were nothing like the present-day German Shepherds. They had large drooping ears and a long shaggy coat. There was no question of a principled 'cleanliness' of the breed. In the 19th century, the Germans began working on the breed with the aim of breeding a purebred German Shepherd. The key to the idealisation of the German Shepherd was to change its appearance.

The German Shepherd that we see today became the German Shepherd that it is today thanks to the work of a brilliant German cynologist, Max von Stephanitz. This scientist thought that the German Shepherd was the pride and symbol of the German nation. While working on the appearance of the dog, he also focused on the physical and psychological aspects of the dog. Stefanic developed a pioneering system of training and dressage. Thanks to him, the breed has become an excellent service dog. The dog's obedience and intelligence are simply amazing, which is why these dogs are now used by all government agencies and carry out the most important and dangerous missions.

Sheepdogs became the most important fighting dogs during the First and Second World Wars. They were awarded medals, memorials and films were made about them.

Characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog: German Shepherds are strong, confident, and determined dogs. They are fearless defenders and devoted companions. Once a German Shepherd recognizes you as its owner, it will always try to do its best for you and will fight to the death for you, and the breed is strong enough to do so.

German Shepherds are wary of strangers and it takes time for their guard to be relaxed. This dog is always on the lookout for what's going on, where it's going, and how it's going to happen, never missing anything, which makes them excellent watchdogs.

A German Shepherd Dog will become a great friend if you have a good relationship with it. Although many people associate this breed with dogs that are only suitable for protection and service, they are unaware that if properly trained, this breed can become an excellent family companion.

As a result, the German Shepherd Dog is an excellent protector as well as a wonderful, loving family member. They get along well with both children and other pets. They should not be left alone for extended periods of time and require constant human interaction. This breed has a calm and stable temperament. A properly trained German Shepherd Dog will respond appropriately to the situation.

German Shepherds are well-suited to work and have long been used as service dogs. They work as police officers, rescue workers, assist the blind and deaf, and participate in military operations. Their intelligence, sense of smell, and willingness to work aid them in any task.

German Shepherd Dog Maintenance

A German Shepherd should be brushed twice a week. If you do not regularly groom your Shepherd's coat, there will be a lot of dark, short hairs in the house, and the undercoat, particularly on the belly and neck, will become tangled. Find a comb that both effectively removes hair and that the dog enjoys using.

To prevent tangling, a long coat can be trimmed on the dog's back legs.

Bathing your German Shepherd only once or twice a year is sufficient. Bathing the dog frequently can cause the dog's natural oils to be lost and the coat to become dull. When bathing the dog, it is beneficial to use a brush to help remove the majority of the excess fur.

German Shepherds are large, athletic dogs that need a lot of exercise. A large yard for jogging and daily walks help the dog stay in good physical shape. Because their intelligence necessitates constant psychological exertion, training is required for these dogs. Grooming also provides the dog with the necessary exercise.

German Shepherd Dog Diseases and Health

German Shepherds, despite being a tough and hardy breed, are susceptible to the following diseases:


Elbow dysplasia is a condition in which the elbow joint fails to develop normally.

Dysplasia of the hips

Intervertebral disc degeneration




Corneal dystrophy


Degenerative myelopathy

Diabetes and pancreatic insufficiency

Food intolerance

Fistula of the isthmus

Aortic stenosis

Perineum adenocarcinoma

Tumors that produce secretion

Short stature, a lack of growth hormone, and so on.

Furthermore, German Shepherds are prone to allergies, ear infections, and malignant cancers such as lymphoma and angiosarcoma.


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